Email: bncass [at] ucdavis.edu Lab phone: (530) 752-4481
Research areas: Agricultural Entomology, Ecoinformatics, Integrated Pest Management, Insect Ecology, Bacteria-Arthropod Symbioses, Microbial Ecology
I use ecoinformatics, field and laboratory experiments, and molecular methods to understand insect pest and natural enemy ecology in agricultural systems.
Current project: Ecoinformatics for citrus pest management in California
My current research project incorporates ecoinformatics and experimental approaches to improve pest management in the California citrus industry. Ecoinformatics is the use of large, observational datasets pooled from multiple existing sources to study ecological systems. The current Citrusformatics database integrates records from contributing professional consultants, citrus growers, and public agencies, and includes field sampling of insect pests and natural enemies, pesticide use, plant nutrition, yield, harvest pest damage, and geographical descriptors. The combined sampling effort from these sources spans more than a decade and provides an overview of pest effects at spatial and temporal scales directly relevant to commercial citrus production. Present analyses are focused on adapting management guidelines from navel oranges to mandarins for pests that cause direct damage to the fruit, including fork-tailed bush katydids, citrus thrips, California red scale and citrus cutworm. Data input is ongoing as the San Joaquin Valley braces for major disruption to pesticide use in response to the invasion of the Asian citrus psyllid vector of Huanglongbing citrus greening disease. We are testing hypotheses arising from the database analyses in collaboration with Elizabeth Grafton-Cardwell at the Lindcove Research and Extension Center.
Past projects: Bacterial symbionts of insect agricultural pests & natural enemies
At the University of Arizona, my main research project focused on a Rickettsia bacterial symbiont of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci, which is a highly invasive, global agricultural pest, especially devastating to cotton, cassava, tomatoes, cucurbits, brassicas, sweet potatoes and ornamentals. This work included a survey of field population dynamics of Rickettsia in whiteflies on cotton in Israel (in collaboration with the Newe Ya’ar Research Center) and across the USA, laboratory fitness experiments, and sequencing of the Rickettsia genome to explore the mechanism of a strong fitness benefit and sex-ratio distortion associated with Rickettsia. Additional projects investigated bacterial symbionts of the banded-winged whitefly Trialeurodes spp., the Cardinium symbiont of Encarsia spp. parasitoid wasp natural enemies of whiteflies, and Regiella symbiont of aphids.
Prior to this, at the University of Queensland, I worked on molecular, genetic, and physiology projects concerning the widespread Wolbachia bacterium in insect hosts, including Drosophila fruit flies and Aedes mosquitoes. With new molecular and genomics tools, we are still only beginning to understand the diversity, distribution and influences of the microbial partners of arthropods.
I am always keen to share my research with the wider community through outreach opportunities, and to engage the next generation of researchers through mentored research projects. Please contact me if you would like to discuss any of this research, especially agricultural insect pests and their microbial symbionts, and the application of ecoinformatics to the global challenges of food and water security and environmental sustainability.